1861 – 1936 A.D.
Ernestine Shumann-Heink, a dramatic contralto, born near Prague, Bohemia. After appearing successfully in Dresden, Hamburg, and at the Baireuth Festivals, she came to America in 1898 and made her début at the Metropolitan Opera House, where she immediately became a prime favorite, especially in the Wagnerian rôles.
After 1908 she devoted herself almost exclusively to singing in concerts, though in 1915 she appeared in the Chicago Opera.
Reference: Famous Women; An Outline of Feminine Achievement Through the Ages With Life Stories of Five Hundred Noted Women By Joseph Adelman. Copyright, 1926 by Ellis M. Lonow Company.